About Shebly County and Memphis, TN
Today Memphis has one of the lowest costs of living of any major U.S. city, is within a day's drive of two-thirds of the nation's population, and offers some of the most advanced infrastructure for moving goods and information available anywhere in the world. In addition, businesses all over the nation and, indeed, all over the world, are discovering that Memphis has a workforce that offers a wide array of important skills, a supportive government, and the initiative to make it a leading city in the 21st century. Climate
Memphis is in the middle of the Sun Belt. In fact, the city has sunshine about 64 percent of its daylight hours and has more sunny days each year than Miami. By general consensus, May and October are the city's most beautiful months in terms of both weather and natural scenery, but the city has year-round easy living.
|Average annual temperature
Average summer temperature
Average winter temperature
Record high temperature
Record low temperature
Average annual rainfall
Average annual snowfall
Average relative humidity
|62 degrees Fahrenheit
81 degrees Fahrenheit
41 degrees Fahrenheit
108 degrees Fahrenheit (July 13, 1980)
-13 degrees Fahrenheit (Dec 24, 1963)
Memphis is located in the southwest corner of Tennessee, with the Mississippi River and Arkansas to the west and the state of Mississippi to the south. Native citizens speak with a southern accent or no accent at all, depending on whom you ask. The accent, however, is not as flat as the landscape.
Shelby County Elevation
High: 423 feet above sea level at the southeast corner of Rosemark and Tracy-just south of the Shelby/Tipton county line
Low: The Mississippi River is 188 feet above sea level. Memphis History: A Chronology
this information was provided courtesy of the Memphis Public Library
c. 1541- Indians living near present-day Shelby County encounter the Hernando De Soto expedition.
1739 French explorers build Fort Assumption on Memphis site.
1795 Fort San Fernando de las Barrancas built by the Spanish.
1797 The U.S. gains control of the area; Fort Adams erected.
1818 The Chickasaw Nation signs treaty ceding West Tennessee to the U.S.
1819 John Overton, James Winchester, and Andrew Jackson found the city of Memphis on May 22. Shelby County formed.
1825 Frances Wright organizes utopian community of Nashoba near present-day Germantown.
1826 Memphis incorporated on December 19.
1827 County seat moved from Memphis to Raleigh.
1840 Memphis Appeal organized. 1845 U.S. government establishes a navy yard in the city.
1850 Memphis and South Memphis merge.
1857 The Memphis & Charleston Railroad completed, linking the Atlantic Ocean and the Mississippi River.
1862 On June 6, Union fleet defeats Confederate naval forces in the Battle of Memphis. Federal troops occupy the city.
1863 Grant names Memphis as hospital and supply base to support the attack on Vicksburg.
1865 The Memphis Freedmen's Bureau established to provide services such as banking and education.
1867 Memphis regains the county seat.
1878 City's most devastating yellow fever epidemic claims 5,000 lives.
1879 Memphis declares bankruptcy, loses its charter, and becomes a Taxing District of the state.
1887 Artesian well water becomes available for the first time.
1892 Great Bridge at Memphis opened. Later named Frisco Bridge.
1893 Cossitt Library opens, the first public library in Memphis. Memphis regains its city charter. Black millionaire Robert Reed Church, Sr. buys first city bond.
1895 The ten-story Porter Building, the city's first skyscraper, opens.
1899 Church's Park & Auditorium, the city's first park and entertainment center for African Americans, opens.
1906 The Overton Park Zoo opens.
1909 W.C. Handy writes the "Memphis Blues." Memphis adopts the commission form of government.
1911 University of Tennessee Medical School merges with the Memphis Hospital Medical College and the College of Physicians and Surgeons. 1912 A major Mississippi River flood brings high water to downtown Memphis.
1916 Clarence Saunders opens his first Piggly Wiggly store.
1923 The Universal Life Insurance Company, one of the largest black-owned insurance companies in the nation, is founded.
1925 The present Peabody Hotel opens to the public. Tom Lee rescues 32 people when the excursion boat M.E. Norman capsizes in the Mississippi River.
1928 The Orpheum Theatre opens; replaced Grand Opera House.
1937 The Mississippi River Great Flood devastates huge area; thousands of homeless brought to Memphis.
1939 City purchases the local utility company and renames it Memphis Light, Gas & Water Division.
1942 The Naval Air Station at Millington is built.
1943 The Army (now Defense) Depot and the Mallory Air Force Depot built. 1948 Construction on the Memphis Harbor project begins.
1950s Memphis named the country's quietest, cleanest and safest city on several occasions.
1951 Tri-State Defender, local black newspaper, begins publication.
1952 Kemmons Wilson opens his first Holiday Inn on Summer Ave.
1954 E.H. Crump, Memphis political leader for 45 years, dies. Elvis Presley gives his first concert in Memphis.
1958 Stax Records, creator of the "Memphis Sound," organized.
1960s Federal court decisions end segregation in the city's public libraries, schools, parks and recreation facilities.
1968 Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. assassinated Apri1 4 at the Lorraine Motel while in Memphis to support the Sanitation Workers' strike.
1972 Federal Express Corporation organized.
1973 Busing begins in order to bring about full integration of schools.
1976 Benjamin L. Hooks elected executive director of the NAACP. Victorian Village named historic district.
1977 Elvis Presley dies at Graceland on August 16.
1982 Mud Island Park and River Walk open.
1983 Redeveloped Beale Street opens as a tourist attraction. Jesse H. Turner becomes first black to serve as chairman of the Shelby County Board of Commissioners.
1986 Lighting of the Hernando DeSoto Bridge features 2,000 lights in a giant M.
1987 Ramesses the Great initiates the Wonders Series.
1990 World War II Memphis Belle moved to Mud Island.
1991 Dr. W.W. Herenton elected city's first black mayor. National Civil Rights Museum, Memphis Pyramid open.
1993 Downtown trolley begins operation.